US Trade Deficit
Interesting times ahead for all
Sir, Should the US economy be a lodestar for us all? That was the question that Martin Wolf (November 1) wrote about, as always most interesting. For some reason he did not this time mention the US trade deficit. Of course it is a lot easier to increase production, employment and the budget surplus if you can increase total demand without the constraint of the trade balance, or rather the trade imbalance.
The true believers in the New Era argue that the american economy can grow faster without inflation than before. Even if that should be true there are two points to be made by us sceptics. First, the NAIRU ceiling has only been moved, not removed. Second, it is not only the rate of growth that might be too high. With the large and unsustainable trade deficit it is also the level of demand and GNP that is too high.
When that level has to be adjusted we will all living in interesting times.
To bring about a substantial reduction in the external deficit without a deep recession, the US needs a huge change in internal relative prices.
From boom to trust
From "Prepare for a hard