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Article 123 of the Treaty of Lisbon

60+ - Who will buy their shares?

1907

1925

1929
- David Stockman about 1929

1937

1995 - dollar yen

1968
1974 (recession, stagflation)
2010

90 per cent
"ninety percent of everything is crap."
Sturgeon's Law


A

Ambac

Aktier/Shares

Accelratorn - Varför är den bortglömd? Det var Basics, vill jag minnas.
Paul Krugman via Rolf Englund blog 21 maj 2014

Africa’s population boom

Akvedukten vid Zaghouan, Klicka här

Alice in Wonderland

Ambrose via The Marker Monetarist

Magdalena Andersson

Anne Applebaum

Anne Applebaum

Plus ca change, plus c'est la meme chose:
One of the most remarkable characteristics of the European Union is the ability of its leaders to keep building their institutions and expanding their power,
self-righteously ignoring whatever obstacles European voters throw in their path.

Anne Applebaum Washington Post 2/6 2005</P>

The European Union itself has made terrible decisions in recent years,
including the creation of a currency union that devastated the economies of several of its members.
Anne Applebaum, Washington Post, May 31, 2014

Ansvarskultur i svensk politik

Arbetslöshet

Arbetslöshetens orsaker
- SvD, Keynes, m fl

Altman

Argentina
- President Cristina Fernández of Argentina has raised the prospect of a sovereign default

Arkelsten, Sofia
Vi Moderater fortsätter att utvecklas för att fortfarande vara relevanta i en ständigt föränderlig samtid.
Vi är i grunden positiva till en gemensam valuta inom EU. Men...

Article 123 of the Treaty of Lisbon

As long as the music is playing

Asienkrisen

atillzold

Austrian banks

Avskrivningar i Brf

Australia


Austerity
The great austerity debate
- Hungary, Greece, Ambrose


B

Baby-boomers and their pensions

Bailout
- Bailout of Greece was a bailout of banks
- - BBC's business editor Robert Peston, 16 July 2010
Savings and Loans Bailout

Baltikum


Sheila Bair,chairman of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation from 2006 to 2011

Bankunion
Euroländerna grälar vidare om bankunionen

Bankgarantin

EU:s bankunion har ingen backstop.
Backstop? De är en Lender of Last resort, helt enkelt.
Rolf Englund blog 24 mars 2014

Bankinspektioner
- Bankinspektioner Federal Deposit Insurance Corp FDIC
- Bankinspektionen Sverige 90-talet

Banks

Bankernas utlandsupplåning

- Bear Stearns

James Barr

Basel


- Barroso,first step towards a banking union, it is the start of something much bigger
Viktigt! Bankunionen kuppas igenom Rolf Englund blog 31 augusti 2012

Befolkningsutvecklingen

Behavioural economics

Hans Bergström
- - Hans Bergström om Bengt Dennis bok, Englund om
- - Hans Bergström om finanskrisen och EMU
Bergström, Villy Dala-Demokraten

Bergquist, Christer

Bernanke, Benjamin

- - Bernanke’s Sophie's Choice, - The housing market or stock market

Carl Bildt
- Bildt, Carl
Reporter: - Moderatledaren Carl Bildt, vågar du utesluta en devalvering om de borgerliga skulle vinna -91 års val?
Carl Bildt, partiledare (m): - Ja, det gör jag.
Reporter: - Men kan inte spekulanter tvinga fram en devalvering som en regering inte vill ha?

Carl Bildt: - Ingenting kan uteslutas, men jag tror inte det. Är man tillräckligt fast - men då måste man vara mycket fast - så kan man stå emot också en spekulationsvåg.

- Bildt, Carl om USA som föredöme för EU

Marshall-hjälpen och nästa svenska devalvering,
Mycket förtroligt Eyes Only, Sänt till Carl Bildt 90-11-02, Utlagt på Internet 96-10-29
Rolf Englund

BIS

Borio, head economist at the Bank of International Settlements


Jan Björklund

Black Swan
Blanchard, Olivier
Blomström, Magnus
Bohman, Gösta, om devalveringarna på 1970-talet
Bond insurers

Can bondholders demand full repayment of what they lent to a country even when others have settled for a haircut?

Borg, Anders

Borio, head economist at the Bank of International Settlements

Boston Tea Party

Brad DeLonge

Brad and Hicks and more

Brad, Cohen and Fox


Bradford & Bingley

Brandförsäkringsargumentet

Brittan, Samuel

Bromma/Ålsten

Budgetunderskottet

Bunkergänget

Brüning (Tysklands Carl Bildt)

Buybacks

Buiter

- Larry Summers has argued that the short-term real interest rate consistent with full employment
fell to minus 2 or 3 per cent sometime in the middle of the last decade, Willem Buiter, Financial Times December 2013
- Greece may be the first major country in the European Union to default on its debts, 2009
- sovereign default in today’s advanced economies “unnecessary, undesirable and unlikely", 2010
- Germany would not be able to join the Euro Area (EA) today, because it would fail to meet the deficit criterion
- Investors should shun U.S. government bonds, former Bank of England policy maker Willem Buiter, 2009
- The Fed did not see the crisis coming. The list of dogs that did not bark is a long and distinguished one. 2009
- "promising to pay nothing forever", Balance sheet, leverage, 2013

Bytesbalans, Sverige, Tyskland och Kina

Befolkningsutvecklingen i världen

Bulgarien

Burenstam Linder, Staffan

Bäckström, Urban


C

Calmfors, Lars

Cameron

Canada

Canary

Capitalism, The financial crisis is not the crisis of " Sarkozy

Cantillon, Richard

CAPE
is calculated by taking the S&P 500 and dividing it by the average of ten years worth of earnings.
If the ratio is above the long-term average of around 16x, the stock market is considered expensive.
CAPE

Carlsson, Ingvar


Carry trade

Cash

Cash Limits

Gustav Cassel
As far as I can find, almost no one in the profession – not even luminaries like John Maynard Keynes, Friedrich Hayek, or Irving Fisher – made public statements anticipating the Great Depression.
As the historian Douglas Irwin has documented, a major exception was the Swedish economist Gustav Cassel.
Robert J. Shiller, Project Syndicate 15 January 2015

Caveat Emptor

Conundrum



Charlemagne
- assuming that Europe’s debtors and creditors can agree, any revision could invite disaster.
Eurosceptic parties of many stripes are on the rise in both north and south. Charlemagne, The Economist April 2013


China

Choice, Bernanke’s Sophie's - The housing market or stock market

Churchill, Winston, Return to gold standard in 1925

Citibank

Civil War

Climate change

Coco Bonds

Commerzbank

Conduits

Credit Default Swaps

Johan Croneman

Clive Crook
-No, Larry Summers, We Don’t Need More Bubbles Clive Crook, Nov 2013

Congdon, Tim

Conundrum


Bernard Connolly

Continental Illinois - The first bank that was declared “too big to fail”, received a bailout in 1984 from President Ronald Reagan.


CPI

Creditanstalt

Cui bono?
- Cui bono? The banks, of course.
- Riksbankens erbjudande att låna ut 500 miljarder kronor till de svenska storbankerna mottogs med stort intresse, Leif Petersen E24
- Where are all these increased profits coming from? Baltin
- They are now borrowing at very low rates, subsidised by the government, Tracy Corrigan

Cypern


D

D-Mark

Dala-Demokraten, Bergström, Villy

Dancing until Music stops
Sri-Kumar warned "The music will stop, and not everyone will have a seat."

The Stock Market's Da Vinci Code, The Plunge Protection Team, Jonathan Moreland

Deleveraging

Satyajit Das

Investors assume that the global financial crisis is now ancient history and normality has returned.
But while financial markets are buoyant, the real economy remains moribund, stuck in a “secular stagnation” of low, volatile growth,
high and rising debt, slow investment, overcapacity, high unemployment, low income growth and negative real interest rates.

Satyajit Das, MarketWatch, Dec. 12, 2013

Dead Parrot

When I read last week’s revision in the International Monetary Fund’s forecasts, I was reminded of William Gilmore Simms, a 19th century US historian, who said:
“I believe that economists put decimal points in their forecasts to show that they have a sense of humour.”
Wolfgang Münchau, July 2014

Democracy - The basic needs are true citizens, honest guardians, proper markets and just laws Martin Wolf

Dennis, Bengt

Dentists, economist as, Keynes

Deposit insurance

Derkert, Siri

Derivates

Devalveringen 1982

Deutsche Bank

Dollar USD

Doom

Peter Doyle


Duncan, Richard


E

Ebola Virus


ECB


Economic theory discredited
Oldest first - Latest here

- Economics may be dismal, but it is not a science, John Kay

Time to stop this pretence – economics is not science
Economics is a study of human behaviour – above all, the allocation of scarce resources between competing ends.
It requires the analysis of economic, commercial and financial life in all its institutional richness, or it is nothing.
A solid grounding in theory and numeracy is essential but so, too, are broad dashes of politics, history, sociology and common sense.
Liam Halligan, 19 Oct 2013

Recent “Nobel” recipients have been rewarded, instead, for work that claims to have established “certainties”, made “findings” and discovered “relationships” – all of which, when it comes to economics, is bunkum...

- Her Majesty The Queen of England: "If these things were so large, how come everyone missed them?", Chris Giles, FT

- Inspiring words from preface of Laurence J. Kotlikoff, Jimmy Stewart is dead

- easy to mock economic theory, Philip Ball,consultant editor of Nature

- Despair over the state of the economics profession, Paul Krugman, July 18

- Det finns inte några framträdande ekonomer som kan ge besked, Danne Nordling 11 juni

- Dagens globala finanskris har utlöst en kris för ämnet nationalekonomi, Lars Jonung

- Robert Lucas rebuts criticisms that the financial crisis represents a failure of economics, The Economist

- The initial response to the crisis (sharp cuts in interest rates, bank bailouts, stimulus spending) probably averted a depression. But the crisis has also battered the logic of all major theories: Keynesianism, monetarism and "rational expectations." Robert J. Samuelson

- competing schools of macro policy, Underbelly July 22, 2010

- One might not expect much from economists, but one would surely expect them to warn us of a crisis on this scale, Martin Wolf

Why were resources expunged from neo-classical economics?, Martin Wolf

- The vanity of economists needs to be challenged, Gideon Rachman

- Are most economists naive? Tim Iacono June 11, 2007

- Är Diamond, Mortensen och Pissarides värda Nobelpriset?
Men transaktionskostnader läste jag om på universitetet redan på på 1960-talet.
Rolf Englund blog 2010-10-11

- “Economics is a science of fashions – Keynes and ‘pump-priming’ at one time, Friedman and monetarism at another,” Mandelbrot

- Is the discipline of economics succumbing, Gillian Tett

- How to become better macroeconomists: Leijonhufvud’s new Policy Insight, Richard Baldwin

- As a profession we have failed miserably at our primary function – the efficient and productive allocation of capital, Bill Gross

- Although many answers have been given to Her Majesty’s question, I suspect that none of them has really settled the issue. Her question is disarmingly simple, but the answer is not. Gavyn Davies

- Heaven knows what future disasters they will spring on us, Roger Bootle

A devastating indictment. J. Bradford DeLong

Nothing has done more to discredit serious economic analysis than its identification with the guesses about output, employment, prices and so on, Samuel Brittan

Friedman and Keynes have met their Waterloo in a housing depression that shows few signs of recovery,
a financial crisis that has suppressed growth and a looming debt crisis in Europe and the U.S. Howard Gold

Critics from Queen Elizabeth II downwards have posed one uncomfortable yet highly pertinent question: are economists of any use at all? John Kay

Nationalekonomi i kris. Claes Lönegård, Fokus, 16 september 2011

Nationalekonomin är inte i kris Danne Nordling 19 sept 2011

I really wonder about the state of economics education, Paul Krugman on Ireland

The ongoing discussions of economic policy and principles since the Great Recession, Federal Reserve presidents, economists with Ph.D.s propounding views that I thought were obvious fallacies Paul Krugman

Some economists are so concerned about the present rapid rise in government debt.. Others are so concerned about the risk of renewed recession, Gavyn Davies

Economists And Post-Crisis Policy (Also Ireland), Paul Krugman

Coppola about The necessary arrogance of elites

Finanskrisen var ett misslyckande för ekonomprofessionen, Calmfors, 21 augusti 2012

"The established theory has collapsed but we haven't actually got a proper understanding of how financial markets operate." Soros Davos 2013

Monetary policy meant to stabilise inflation. It has failed. Martin Wolf February 7, 2013

”Läroböckerna måste skrivas om” - Staffan Sonning har besökt ekonomen Klas Eklund GMV 10 februari 2013

Long-term side-effects of interest rates close to zero, central bankers conceded they were flying blind when steering their economies.
Lorenzo Bini Smaghi, the former member of the ECB’s executive board:
“We don’t fully understand what is happening in advanced economies.”

Financial Times, April 17, 2013

Harvard economists, Carmen Reinhart and Kenneth Rogoff
Did an Excel coding error destroy the economies of the Western world?
Paul Krugman, New York Times, April 18, 2013

More than five years after the onset of the financial crisis,
you might have thought economic policy makers would know what to do next, BBC 21 April 2013

"Central bankers say they are flying blind", "Uncharted territory", "No one fully understands"... Maj 2013

About economists in general, and the failure of economics the discipline specifically. Barry Ritholtz, August 6th, 2013

It’s easy to understand why economics might be mistaken for science.
The trouble with economics is that it lacks the most important of science’s characteristics
— a record of improvement in predictive range and accuracy.
Rosenberg and Curtain, New York Times, 2013


Är de finansiella marknaderna effektiva? Ja, svarar Eugene Fama. Nej, svarar Robert Shiller.
På måndagen tilldelades båda, tillsammans med Lars Peter Hansen ekonomipriset.
Tillspetsat kan sägas att Eugene Fama är fader till teorin om effektiva marknader och Robert Shiller fader till teorin om ineffektiva marknader.
Viktor Munkhammar, DI, 14 oktober 2013

Att samma år ge fysikpriset till två forskare vars upptäckter tycks tala rakt emot varandra känns inte alltför sannolikt.
Men i ekonomi går det alltså utmärkt. Hur är det möjligt?
Andreas Cervenka, SvD Näringsliv 14 oktober 2013

If anyone ever doubted that the Nobel Prize for Economics was a farce, Monday’s announcement of the latest winners should put the matter to rest.
Fama questions whether “bubbles” exist. Shiller says they are common, and easy to see.
MarketWatch 15 oktober

Time to stop this pretence – economics is not science
Economics is a study of human behaviour – above all, the allocation of scarce resources between competing ends.
It requires the analysis of economic, commercial and financial life in all its institutional richness, or it is nothing.
A solid grounding in theory and numeracy is essential but so, too, are broad dashes of politics, history, sociology and common sense.
Liam Halligan, 19 Oct 2013


– I am one of the winners of this year’s Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences,
which makes me acutely aware of criticism of the prize by those who claim that economics
– unlike chemistry, physics, or medicine, for which Nobel Prizes are also awarded –
is not a science. Are they right?, Robert J. Shiller, November 2013


A new economics
The failure of the dismal science to predict and explain the worst financial crash since the Depression has understandably prompted some reflection among the more thoughtful ranks of academics.
Financial Times editorial, November 12, 2013


The field of economics is desperately in need of a paradigm shift if it wants to play a role in improving the lot of humanity.
Consider, for example, the concept that still underpins most mathematical models of the economy:
that firms and individuals have “rational expectations,”, Mark Buchanan, Bloomberg Dec 2013


The large drop in inflation last year elsewhere in the world may only be a lagged response to earlier economic weakness but,
if that is so obvious now, why was it that no one managed to forecast the drop a year ago?
Stephen King, Financial Times 13 January 2014


The Dismal Art Economic forecasting has become much more sophisticated in the decades since its invention.
So why are we still so bad at it?
James Surowiecki, Democracyjournal 2014

Full text


Why, at the moment it was most needed and could have done the most good, did economics fail? Paul Krugman, May 2014

"Battle raging between the world’s leading macroeconomists" The debate is so fierce, the viewpoints so distinct,
BIS and IMF have completely different ideas, FT Money Supply blog July 2014

How to unwind the huge increase in Feds balance sheet with minimal impact.
It is not going to be easy, and it is not obvious exactly how to do it. Alan Greenspan July 2014


When I read last week’s revision in the International Monetary Fund’s forecasts, I was reminded of William Gilmore Simms, a 19th century US historian, who said:
“I believe that economists put decimal points in their forecasts to show that they have a sense of humour.”
Wolfgang Münchau, July 2014

A specter is haunting dismal scientists,
an economic nightmare with an ugly name. It’s secular stagnation
Bloomberg 22 October 2014

Bostadsbubbla i Sverige?, Det är ju väldigt svårt att veta. Lars Calmfors november 2014

In about 1980, there was a big change in the way academic economists did macroeconomics.
Since 2009, there has been a big debate in the economics blogosphere about whether academic econ took a wrong turn when it switched tactics
Noah Smith, Bloomberg, 12 December 2014

Since the global financial crisis and recession of 2007-2009, criticism of the economics profession has intensified.
The failure of all but a few professional economists to forecast the episode – the aftereffects of which still linger –
has led many to question whether the economics profession contributes anything significant to society.
If they were unable to foresee something so important to people’s wellbeing, what good are they?
Robert J. Shiller, Project Syndicate 15 January 2015

In Defense of Modern Macroeconomic Theory

Doyle: Global leaders of the economics profession should turn on the IMF in public.
via Rolf Englund blog 18 april 2015

Romer: a new trend in economics is polluting the discipline, names Robert Lucas
UNDERCOVER ECONOMIST Tim Harford, FT June 5, 2015

The modern financial animal is wont to assume that he or she lives in an age of science. Just peruse the economic research that the great central banks produce.
Even the titles of the papers are incomprehensible. The truth is we live in an age of pseudoscience.
James Grant, FT July 20, 2015


Rational expectations
Romer roots the sorry state of academic macroeconomics in a battle between Robert Lucas and Thomas Sargent
Martin Sandbu, FT 17 Augusti 2015


Economics is not the kind of science in which there could ever be one true model that works best in all contexts.
The point is not “to reach a consensus about which model is right,” as Romer puts it, but to figure out which model applies best in a given setting.
And doing that will always remain a craft, not a science, especially when the choice has to be made in real time.
Dani Rodrik, Project Syndicate SEP 10, 2015

The charges – including hubris, neglect of social goals beyond incomes, excessive attention to formal techniques, and failure to predict major economic developments such as financial crises – have usually come from outsiders, or from a heterodox fringe. But lately it seems that even the field’s leaders are unhappy.

Full text


Economists used to pretty much ignore the financial sector altogether.
It was a black box that simply turned S (saving) into I (investment),
and did so efficiently, and there was no need to get into the details.
Economist's View, 2 February 2016


“I guess we can’t call it the dismal science anymore,” Mauldin
Rolf Englund blog 14 Febr 2016


5 worst investment calls of this century


Now, despite evidence that the world economy is near to another recession, a similar survey shows that
not one of the 40 leading economists believes there will be a US downturn this year.
Ruchir Sharma, FT February 29, 2016


Why I am reading Stockman and Varoufakis
Englund blog 26 March 2016


I would start with a fundamental reappraisal of modern macroeconomic governance
— from independent central banks and inflation targeting to deregulated financial markets and fiscal policy targets.
Put simply, if we, the liberal establishment, fail to do this, the populists will do it for us.
These observations are mild compared with those of Paul Romer, chief economist of the World Bank,
Wolfgang Münchau, FT 18 December 2016

Economics seems incapable of answering the great questions of our time. Are we heading for deflation or inflation?
Jeremy Warner 4 January 2017

The inability of the world’s major central banks to create either inflation or stronger demand growth has sustained
a needed debate over whether the way monetary policy is conducted in most rich countries is ripe for reform.
Martin Sandbu, FT 4 January 2017

Start of Economic theory discredited

This list is to be continued


Edwards, Albert

Eftersläpningen, den påstådda svenska

Barry Eichengreen
- Fear unknown

Eiffel, tornet

The efficient-markets hypothesis
- The efficient-markets hypothesis

Karolina Ekholm

Klas Eklund
- Eklund, Klas
- Klas Eklund om EMU
- Rolf Englund om Klas Eklund ”Vår ekonomi - En introduktion till samhällsekonomi” 20/10 2010
- "USA har ryckt åt sig ett stort försprång och har världens mest framgångsrika ekonomi"
- I efterhand vet vi: Vi såg inte att det under den finansiella bubblan, Klas Eklund

ELA emergency liquidity

Eliasson, Gunnar

EMU, old page

England och EMU

Englund, Carl-Emil

"Englunds lag"

Enquist, P O om Kambodja

Erdman, Paul

Erixon, Lennart

Eskilsson, Sture

Lissabon och EU-parlamentets växande makt

European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP)

Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds

Extend and Pretend


F

Faktorprisutjämning

Nigel Farage UKIP

Fannie Mae

Fastigheter, förluster på, i utlandet

Fastighetskrisen

Fastighetsskatten
- Waxholmsbåt

FEER (dollar)

Sheila Bair,chairman of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation from 2006 to 2011, FT 7 August 2014

Kjell-Olof Feldt
- Kjell-Olof Feldt
- Feldt januari 1990 om utlandsupplåning och bytesbalans
- Feldt om den antikapitalistiska agitationens roll för arbetarrörelsens sociala funktion
- Feldt om Finansutskottets kritik, maj 1999

Feldstein, Martin

Ferm, Anders

Ferguson, Niall

Finanspolitiska Rådet

Tomas Fischer
- Tomas Fischer: Med Bildt mot Poltava
- och Aftonbladet 1991-12-22

Irving Fisher
- 1911 central banks should track asset prices

In October 1929
"stock prices have reached what looks like a permanently high plateau."
Click



Finland och EMU

“The decision to use the single currency to drive the European project forward was a risky one,
and at some stage or probably in several stages, it will be necessary to put the missing fiscal framework into place,
Stanley Fischer, the vice-chairman of the Fed, FT 21 May 2015


Fleckenstein, Bill

Folkpartiet

Fool, one more

Foreclosure

Fores

FORES presenterar en antologi där några av Sveriges kunnigaste ekonomer beskriver bakgrunden till krisen
och hur eurons framtid kan komma att se ut.
Lars Calmfors, Harald Edquist, Nils Lundgren, Stefan de Vylder, Pehr Wissén, och Hans Tson Söderström, bokens redaktör
14 november 2013

Fortis

Jeffrey A. Frankel, Harvard

Frankrike

Fredspriset till EU

Friedman, Milton

Freddie Mac

Freden EU

Frontex

Fröberg, Peter, Idling

Fölster, Stefan

Stefan Fölster, HUI om EMU

Första världskriget


G

G7 and G8


Geheimplan
- Barroso,first step towards a banking union, it is the start of something much bigger
Viktigt! Bankunionen kuppas igenom Rolf Englund blog 31 augusti 2012
- "Nya steg på vägen mot en djupgående och verklig ekonomisk och monetär union"
- "Commission sets out next steps towards a deep and genuine Economic and Monetary Union", Brussels 2013



de Geer, Jonas om moderaterna och konservatismen

Tim Geithner
- Stress Test: Reflections on Financial Crises, lunch with Martin Wolf
- Geithner's plan 2009
- Tim Geithner failed to foresee the crisis when he was Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs(1998–2001) under Treasury Secretaries Bob Rubin and Larry Summers
or as President of the New York Fed (2003 - 2009),
The list of dogs that did not bark is a long and distinguished one, Willem Buiter, FT, July 17, 2009

General Motors

Georgien

Johan Gernandt

Gennser, Margit

Gilbert, Mark

Glass-Steagall Act

Globalisering, se Faktorprisutjämning

Wynne Godley, London Review of Books 8 October 1992

Goldilocks

Gorbatjov, Michail

Grant, James
www.grantspub.com/

Grantham, Jeremy

Paul De Grauwe
- www.voxeu.org/person/paul-de-grauwe
Strong Governments, Weak Banks, CEPS Policy Briefs, November 2013
- nejtillemu.com/lastresort.htm#defining
- "Without further steps towards political union, the eurozone has little chance of survival", 2007
- Nobody has taught me as much about the euro crisis as Paul De Grauwe, Paul Krugman
Martin Wolf: a brilliant 2011 article, “Managing a Fragile Eurozone”by Paul de Grauwe, Click

Greider, Göran, om Keynes

Greenspan, Alan
- Alan Greenspan memoirs: The Age of Turbulence

Great Moderation

Grekland
- Timeline

Dylan Grice

Gross, Bill, Pimco

Daniel Gross
Since the end of the credit boom in 2008, cross-border claims of banks based in the eurozone core toward the eurozone periphery have plummeted from about € 1.6 trillion to less than half that amount.
Nov. 6, 2013

The bubbles that built America, CNN May 15 2007

Daniel Gros at Project Syndicate

Grundlagen, ändringar i den svenska grundlagen

Grundig, vintage radios

Guld

Gustafson, Bengt

Gustafsson, Lars


Gür, Thomas


H

Habermas, Jürgen

Habsburg, Rome and the European Union

Hafström, Jonas



Hakelius, Johan
- om Bernard Connollys kritik av den europeiska valutaunionen
- Jag hade rätt om EU – ni hade fel, fel, fel, fel


Hamilton, Carl A
- Mer av Carl A Hamilton

Hamilton, Carl B
- mer gemensamt och bindande beslutsfattande under tysk handledning
- Folkpartiet liberalernas finest hour


David Hale
Housing inflation is likely to be the big challenge confronting Ben Bernanke
The US housing market now has forms of mortgage lending that have not existed since the 1920s.
When residential real estate cools, personal savings will rise, consumption will slow, the economy's growth rate will drop to 2.5 per cent and the dollar will resume declining
David Hale, January 26, 2006

Handelsunderskott, USA

Handelsöverskott, Sverige

David Hannan


Hartz IV

Hanke, Steve


Harpsund, kräftor på, 1992

Johan Hassler

Hayek - om Keynes och 1925

Olof G. Hedengren
- Jan Wallander, styrelseordförande i Handelsbanken och den mest ondskefulle person jag någonsin mött i affärslivet.

Heder, sanning och rätt

Heikensten, Lars
"Fastighetspriserna sågs inte som ett problem"
Crisis in Sweden and Asia. One common factor is the fixed exchange rate.
In Sweden this led to high levels of foreign borrowing, particularly in the private sector. Klick
Ur ÅKE ORTMARK: Ja-sägarna - Medlöpare och nickedockor kring Gyllenhammar, Karl XII, Kreuger och andra furstar. Klick

Hedlund, Stefan
- Värt att behålla euron?, juni 2013
2005

Helicopter Money

Martin Hellwig ”The Bankers' New Clothes: What's Wrong with Banking and What to Do About It”


Hitler, Adolf
Utan bindningen av pundkursen kanske Hitler i stället hade fortsatt som konstnär.
The Causes of the Second World War
When Germany occupied (Mar., 1939) all of Czechoslovakia Great Britain and France created alliances with Turkey, Greece, Romania and Poland Click
This second global conflict resulted from the rise of totalitarian, militaristic regimes in Germany, Italy, and Japan, a phenomenon stemming in part from the Great Depression that swept over the world in the early 1930s and from the conditions created by the peace settlements (1919–20) following World War I.
Click



Homosexuality, Alan Turing, the father of modern computer science and breaker of the Nazis’ Enigma code, is being pardoned, 2013

Huntington, Samuel

Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace

House of Cards - Atif Mian and Amir Sufi

HSB

The Hubble bubble theory of the continuous expansion of the financial universe, Izabella Kaminska, FT Alphaville December 2013

Stefan Fölster, HUI om EMU

Humlan

Hurd, Douglas

Huspriser

HQ

Andrew Huszar


Hökmark, Gunnar hos Internetional

Gunnar Hökmark hos nejtillemu.com


I

Vad fick 2,7 miljoner svenskar att skriva på ett upprop mot USA:s krigföring i Vietnam?
Idling Fröberg, Peter

IMF World Economic Outlook, October 1999

IndyMac Bank

Infrastrukturinvesteringar

Injection

Inflation targeting fail?

Insurance industry low interest rates

Invergordon

Irland

Isaksson, Anders

Ingves, Stefan

Institute for International Economics

"Irrational exuberance", Greenspan om

Is i magen

Issing, Otmar

Italien


J

Ja-sägare och nickedockor (Ortmark, Åke)

Ulf Jakobsson

Japan

Jay, Anthony
- Fixed exchange rates and the lessons of history By Douglas Jay


Jet Stream and weather

"jingle mail" post the keys to the lender and walk away

Johansson, Mats
- Mats Johansson i SvD 99-05-26

Johansson, Sten (FIEF)

Johansson, Kurt-Ove

Jojo-ekonomin, den svenska, DI om

Jonathan Livingston Seagull

Jonung, Lars

Jubak, Jim

Greece
Juncker: ‘There will be no default’
Politico 20 april 2015

Jean-Claude Juncker:
Over the past years, Europe suffered the worst financial and economic crisis since World War II.
via Rolf Englund blog 15 juli 2014

Downing Street said Mr Cameron warned that if EU leaders bowed to the European Parliament’s demands for the appointment of Mr Juncker,
it would mark an “irreversible step” with elected European leaders handing powers to MEPs. June 2014

It doesn’t matter who gets the job
Whoever ends up as Commission president will have one aim: ever closer union in Europe

Cameron, Reinfeldt, Merkel Toppmöte på Harpsund om Juncker
Rolf Englund blog 8 juni 2014

Jean-Claude Juncker

Juncker is an enemy of the British nation, but Luxembourg is our friend

For good or ill, Mr Juncker’s pitch for the commission presidency is a moment of truth.
Late last Tuesday in Brussels, Ms Merkel stopped an imminent vote over Mr Juncker,
sparing David Cameron a humiliating defeat at the hands of other EU leaders, FT June 3, 2014

Jean-Claude Juncker, som är kandidat till kommissionsordförande för den största partigruppen, konservativa EPP, förklarade en gång hur EU arbetar:
”Vi bestämmer någonting, låter det ligga ett tag och väntar och ser vad som händer.
Om ingen protesterar, av det enkla skälet att de flesta inte vet vad som har blivit beslutat, så fortsätter vi, steg för steg, tills det inte finns någon återvändo.”
Johan Norberg

Block Juncker to save real democracy in Europe, Rachman

Jämlikhetsanden

Jämviktsarbetslöshet (NAIRU


K

Strauss-Kahn, Dominique

Daniel Kahneman

Kaletsky, Anatole
Kaletsky hos Reuters
- Exuberance is not always ‘irrational’ July 2014

- These losses would not have happened if Lehman had been supported

- Capitalism 4.0 by Anatole Kaletsky, Rolf Englund 20/10 2010

Skuldkrisens födelsedag 1982

- My undemocratic survival plan for the euro The Times July 14 2010
- What is the use of economics if it cannot answer even such a basic question?
- The City and Wall Street, the last bastions of Marxist workers’ control
- Japan perhaps even cause a financial crisis big enough to break the momentum of global economic recovery March 2014

Kambodja

Izabella Kaminska

Lånepengar, lönepengar och duktiga flickor Izabella Kaminska och Iren Levina
Rolf Englund blog 2014-08-09

Secular stagnation
There’s something more significant going on in the industrialised global economy than the effects of a banking crisis per se
The financial intermediation industry loses its raison d’etre in such an environment
Izabella Kaminska, FT Alphaville 17 April 2014


Keynes, Krugman, Secular Stagnation and The Death of the Rentiers
Izabella Kaminska, FT Alphaville, 23 January 2014

Summers on bubbles and secular stagnation forever
Larry Summers’ speech to the IMF Research Conference on November 8, the video of which started circulating at old fashioned money multiplier rates this Sunday.
Izabella Kaminska, FT Alphaville 18 November 2013


Greenspan, the Keynesian, Justin Fox at the Harvard Business Review
Izabella Kaminska, FT Alphaville, Jan 9, 2014

The Hubble bubble theory of the continuous expansion of the financial universe,
Izabella Kaminska, FT Alphaville December 2013

Izabella Kaminska at FT


Kanada

Peeter-Jaan Kask
"Vägen in i och ut ur Krisen - Ekonomisk politik från Feldt till Persson"


Kasriel, Paul L

Kant kategoriska imperativ


Kaufman, Henry

John Kay

Keynes
- Paradox of Thrift
- Liquidity Trap
- Davies, Keynes som investerare

The market can stay irrational longer than you can stay solvent, Keynes


Katrine Kielos
- Anders Borg tassar försiktigt i nymoderata mockasiner. maj 2013
- Det mest tragiska är att Cameron har rätt i en hel del av sin EU-kritik. 27 januari 2013
- EU behöver inte en till tysk seger, Renzi utmanar Tyskland gällande åtstramningspolitiken. 13 juli 2014


Kimball, Roger

Kimura, Doreen

Kina

- Kina - Det Stora Språnget Mao och Mats Johansson
- China's Ping An Insurance to buy Lloyd's building BBC 2013


Mervyn King at IntCom

The alchemy is “the belief that money kept in banks can be taken out whenever depositors ask for it”
Martin Wolf, FT 31 May 2016


In spite of the “biggest monetary policy stimulus in the history of the world” the results have been anaemic.
“Central banks have thrown everything at their economies, and yet the results have been disappointing,” he notes.
“Whatever can be said about the world recovery since the crisis, it has been neither strong, nor sustainable, nor balanced.” The End of Alchemy: Money, Banking and the Future of the Global Economy by Mervyn King – review John Kampfner, The Guardian 14 March 2016

The End of Alchemy: Money, Banking and the Future of the Global Economy by Mervyn King
Amazon

Michael Lewis about Book by Mervyn King. “The End of Alchemy”

The eurozone is doomed to fail and will lurch from crisis to crisis unless it is broken up

Germany should leave the euro zone in order to save the union

Banking must be reinvented

King is playing a game of chicken with the world’s most irresponsible industry, Wolf

King has said - in a rare admission - that the Bank of England failed to do enough to warn about the risks building up in the banking sector ahead of the financial crisis

Rolf Englund, Den Stora bankkraschen, Timbro, 1983


Stephen King of HSBC

Stephen King: Why monetary stimulus has not done its job
via Rolf Englund blog 2016-01-23


At the end of the day, the central issue behind the Greek crisis hasn’t changed: it is still, ultimately, a question of who, picks up the bill.
If everyone avoids their share, the result is unfortunate.
If, as with Germany in 1990, everyone accepts their share, the result is tranquillity.
Germans, however, wanted to be reunited. It is still far from obvious that the nations of Europe feel the same way about each other.
Stephen King, HSBC’s Chief Global Economist and author of When the Money Runs Out, FT 6 July 2015


Stephen King is HSBC Group’s chief economist and the bank’s global head of economics and asset allocation research. He is a member of the Financial Times Economists’ Forum

Stephen D. King at Amazon

Over the past 12 months, inflation throughout much of the world has dropped like a stone, ending up at levels wholly unanticipated at the end of 2012.
If Japan’s problems partly stemmed from a failure to spot the onset of deflation, might it be that policy makers in the west could be sleepwalking into the very same problem?
Stephen King, Financial Times 13 January 2014

In 1931, Austria was attempting to deliver the kind of austerity now being witnessed in parts of southern Europe.
The crisis culminated in the failure of Creditanstalt, a major Viennese bank – the 1931 equivalent of Lehman Brothers.
A handful of years later, Hitler was welcomed by cheering crowds in Vienna.
Stephen King, HSBC Group’s chief economist, Financial Times, 9 May 2012

Stephen King in Emu, Four Endings and a Funeral

Bubbles do burst, Samuel Brittan, FT, July 22 1999
Stephen King of HSBC has presented a perceptive analysis, not only suggesting that the US stock market boom is indeed a bubble,
but venturing a view on how and when it might burst ('Bubble Trouble', HSBC Economics, July 1999).


Kissinger

Seth Klarman

Koch Brothers
Book

Kokk, Enn

Koftor - Inpiskade DN-koftor som bor i kulturreservat på Mosebacke

Konservativa socialdemokrater

"Konsumtionsfesten på 80-talet"

Konventet

Koestler, Arthur

Korpi, Walter

Kotlikoff Laurence
- www.kotlikoff.net/
- Inspiring words from preface of Laurence J. Kotlikoff, Jimmy Stewart is dead
- Jimmy Stewart is Dead: Ending the World's Ongoing Financial Plague with Limited Purpose Banking
- How to take moral hazard out of banking, Niall Ferguson and Laurence Kotlikoff
- Laurence Kotlikoff replies to Lord Turner, chairman of the UK’s financial regulator, the FSA.
- The public are focused on countries' official debts, rather than their fiscal gap

KPI - Sverige

Kristersson, Ulf

Ivar Kreuger

Krim-kriget, Charge of The Light Brigade and all that


Paul Krugman
Charge of the Right Brigade The really smart Wall Street money have an underlying macroeconomic framework pretty much indistinguishable from mine.March 2014

- Dot-com prices in 1999 ... housing prices in 2006. Is there anything comparable going on in today’s bond market? May 2013
- How the Case for Austerity Has Crumbled New York Times Review of Books, June 2013
- Världsekonomin är nära en ny depression
- EMU
- Paul De Grauwe and the Rehn of Terror
- Makroundervisningen
- Sverige och EMU 1999
- Austerians
- stimulus almost always ends too soon, 2013
- Peter Praet, the ECB chief economist, a PRE,the zero lower bound on interest rates and
the great difficulty in engineering downward movements in nominal wages, December 2013

What was radical, if you like, was my style, not my content
On macroeconomics, there’s not a lot of air between my views and those of, say,
staff economists at the Fed Board of Governors, the New York Fed, the IMF, and even (say it quietly) the ECB... February 2014


Kudlow, Lawrence (Larry)
- för en svensk motsvarighet, se Johnny Munkhammar

Kuran and The Vision Thing

Robert Kuttner
Kärnkraft


L

Oskar Lafontaine
- Oskar Lafontaine...När han i förra veckan sammanträffade med den franske finansministern Dominique Strauss-Kahn,
den brittiske finansministern Gordon Brown och den italienske finansministern Carlo Azeglio Ciampi...SvD-ledare november 1998
- Kohl har på sistone gjort ett blekt intryck. Utan tidigare motstycke är också hans vädjan till SPD, socialdemokraterna under Oskar Lafontaines ledning,
att medverka till en skattereform för att få fart på ekonomin och bryta udden av arbetslösheten.
- Men kan någon annan än Kohl bjuda framgångsrik kamp mot SPD:s Gerhard Schröder,
som väntar på att manövrera ut Oskar Lafontaine och bli sitt partis näste kanslerskandidat? Schröder tar direkt avstånd från EMU. Han vet att han kan utnyttja en majoritet tyskars oro för valutaexperimentet och D-markens ersättning med euron.
Med honom i ledningen skulle det bli ett annorlunda Tyskland.
DN-ledare 1997-02-26
- Die Linke

Pascal Lamy

Lannebo, Anders

Larsson, Allan

Larsson, Janerik

Pierre Laval

Leeson Barings

Leijonborg, Lars

Philip Lerulf

Lehman Brothers

Lender of Last Resort

Lettland
- Lettland, old

Leverage

Linder, P J Anders

Light Brigade, Charge of The

Tove Lifvendahl

Lind, Göran

Lindh, Hans

Lawrence Lindsey

Lindbeck, Assar

Lindvall, Johannes

Lindqvist, Sven

Linux


Litauen / Latvia

Lissabon-fördraget

Ljunggren, Stig-Björn

Brad DeLong, See Brad

LO
- LO-styrelsen, juli 1975


Long Term Capital Management

Lucas, Robert

Lundborg, Per

Lundgren, Bo

Lundgren, Nils

Lundin, Bert
Lundström, Stellan

Lybeck, Johan

Lånepengar och Lönepengar

Lägesenergikoeffecienten
,
Löntagarfonder

Löwbeer, Hans


M

Charles Mackay

Magnus, George

McCulley, Paul

Makin, John

Market Economy - We all know what that is
Markets Economy - Economy highly influenced by the stock market, the currency market, the credit market and the real estate market

Makroteori, enligt Jonung på Handels

Malm, Stig
- om vilka som var överhettade på 80-talet
- ... finansvalparna i vita kostymer

Malmqvist, Peter

Burton Malkiel, author of A Random Walk Down Wall Street

Cecilia Malmström
När Khaddafi fick jobb som EU:s gränspolis
I början av oktober 2010 åkte EU-kommissionär Cecilia Malmström till Libyen

Malta

Campaign ‘Make Malta Great’ will focus on Malta’s presidency of the Council of the European Union
Malta Today 21 December 2016

The campaign is run by 89.7 Bay in collaboration with other entities, namely Times of Malta,
General Soft Drinks, Water Services Corporation, Automated Revenue Management Services, Intercontinental Malta and the Eden Leisure Group.

More information about the campaign is available at http://www.makingmaltagreat.com/

Full text at Malta Today


Plans by Malta to sell EU passports for €650,000, allowing buyers immediate rights of residency in all member states.
Maltese citizenship allows visa-free travel to the US and 160 other countries.
Financial Times 9 December 2013, Full text


- Allt fler undrar nog om det är så klokt att Sverige försöker orientera sig ensamt på internationella vatten, särskilt nu när det stormar, skrev DN i en ledare . Det är dock en tveksam bild. Är man på havet och det stormar och man dessutom inte flyter, då är det allvarligt. Utmaningen är att ta med Estland, Lettland, Litauen, Polen, Ungern, Tjeckien, Slovenien, Slovakien, Malta och Cypern. Rolf Englund, NWT 2001


It was the morning after the night before and I was riding an elevator to the 13th floor in the European Commission.
Two men smiled at each other and one said "I hear Greece has been saved". "Couldn't be better," beamed the other, before disappearing into the vastness of bureaucracy.
It felt like news shared from a distant front: "Bastogne has been relieved" or "Malta is holding out".
Gavin Hewitt, the BBC's Europe editor blog 26 March 2010


In 1940, Malta found itself at the heart of a raging battle between Allied and Axis powers for naval control of the Mediterranean.


Mare Nostrum

The market can stay irrational longer than you can stay solvent, Keynes

Mark-to-Market

Mares, Arnuad

David Marsh

Marshall-hjälpen och nästa svenska devalvering,
Mycket förtroligt Eyes Only, Sänt till Carl Bildt 90-11-02, Utlagt på Internet 96-10-29
Rolf Englund

Some fact about the Marshall Plan

MBIA

Masters of the Universe

Medelklassen har proletariserats

Medelklassen (The Chattering Classes/"commentariat")

Meinhof, Ulrike

Melin,Annika Ström

Meltzer, Allan

Carl Menger

Mercedes-Benz 300 SL

Merrill Lynch

Meyersson, Per-Martin

Skuldkrisen 80's Mexico et al

Swedish Midsummer for Dummies

Migration

Minkar, tänkbara u-båtar

Minoriteter i USA, utlåning till subprime

Minsky, Hyman

Mitford, Nancy

Moderaterna


Moderaternas partiprogram om EU

Moderation, The Great

Mona

Monetarism

- Oj-då-metoden (alternative to Monetarism)

Monte dei Paschi di Siena, the world's oldest bank

Moral Hazard

J P Morgan
- JP Morgan Chase has agreed to a record $13bn settlement with US authorities
November 2013


Multiplikatorn

Music stops, until dancing
Sri-Kumar warned "The music will stop, and not everyone will have a seat."

Munchau, Wolfgang

Mårtensson, Arne


N

NAIRU

Nacka - i , driver man realpolitik Mats Johansson

Name-dropping

Nationalekonomiska Föreningen, Rolf Englunds inlägg på

Nerbrand, Sofia

boken "En olaglig folkomröstning" /EMU/ av Joakim Nergelius

New Era

New York Times om Sverige

Ninja loans – no income, no job, no assets

Nobel Prize Winners in Economics

Peter Nolan, “systems integrator” companies, 2013
Johan Norberg

Jenny Nordberg

Northern Rock

Nostalgia
- What Is Nostalgia Good For? Quite a Bit, Research Shows, New York Times 2013

Nya Zealand, bostadspriser

Nycander, Svante


O

Obama, President

Odelberg, Axel

Mats Odell

Oil


Oj-då-metoden (alternative to Monetarism)

Oj-då-metoden Credit nr 5 1988 diagram


boken "En olaglig folkomröstning" /EMU/ av Joakim Nergelius

Birgitta Ohlsson

Olyckskorp, Det är svårt att vara O. när allt går som smort - Bankinspektionen

Ordoliberalism

Ortmark, Åke


P

Father of Us All? -Paleontology

Dead Parrot

Paulson, Henry, Treasury Secretary


Palme, Olof
- Palme och löntagarfonderna
- Palme och Fidel Castro


Palmstierna, Jacob

Panic - There is no such thing as rational expectations. There is wishful thinking, or panic

Lissabon och EU-parlamentets växande makt

Downing Street said Mr Cameron warned that if EU leaders bowed to the European Parliament’s demands for the appointment of Mr Juncker,
it would mark an “irreversible step” with elected European leaders handing powers to MEPs. June 2014

The day we got EU parliamentarianism.
Juncker, how many votes did you get in the last European elections?
Peder Bonde via Rolf Englund blog 15 juli 2014


This parrot has ceased to be
and — sooner rather than later — the euro will collapse.
The Economist print, editorial, October 25th 2014

Paulsen, Marit

Pax Romana

Pearson, Simon

Persson, Göran
- Persson, Göran, om EMU
- Persson, Göran - Hur hamnade vi i krisen? , Den som är satt i skuld är inte fri
- Göran Persson om HSB-krisen
- Till de egna meriterna hör saneringen av statsfinanserna och frånvaron av stora makroekonomiska misstag.
Peter Wolodarski 2006
- Persson, Göran: Människors uppoffringar har givit resultat
- Johnny Munkhammar: Statsminister Persson bygger all sin trovärdighet på påståendet att de borgerliga skapade den ekonomiska krisen på 1990-talet och att han fick reda upp den.
Det är den största politiska lögnen i Sverige det senaste decenniet


Peterson, Thage G.


Michael Pettis

Phelps, Edmund

Jean Pisani-Ferry

Pissarides, Christopher

In October 1929
"stock prices have reached what looks like a permanently high plateau."
Click

Plaza Accord

Plender, John

Plus ca change, plus c'est la meme chose

Plunge protection team (PPT)
The Stock Market's Da Vinci Code, The Plunge Protection Team, Jonathan Moreland

Politikerlagen, Den Järnhårda

Pol Pot

Pontius Pilatus

Ponzi

Population in the world

Portugal

PPP

Eswar Prasad

Pretoriangardet

"principal-agent" problem

Proletariserats har medelklassen

Psykiatrireformen

Public Choice

Svante Pääbo


Q

Did QE punish savers for nothing?
Telegraph, 13 August 2013

The Queen

When the Queen asked asked an academic at the LSE why the economics profession had failed to predict the credit crunch,
Her question is disarmingly simple, but the answer is not.

The British Academy has written a letter to Her Majesty The Queen
The letter was in response to Her Majesty’s question on why no one had noticed the credit crunch was about to happen.


R

Another decade of western economic malaise – or, God forbid, another financial crisis –
is likely to see more radical solutions and politicians emerging.

Gideon Rachman. FT December 9, 2013


Gideon Rachman

- political revolts from the unenlightened masses, otherwise known as voters

Raghuram Rajan

Radetzki, Marian

Raghuram Rajan

Randstat

Rating Agencies

Rational expectations


Realräntor - Real Interest rates
- too popular


Rebalancing the world economy

Recession in 2007?

Rees-Mogg, William

Fredrik Reinfeldt

Reinius, Ulla

Reith Lectures 1999 (BBC): Professor Anthony Giddens, director of the London School of Economics, speaks on the theme of globalisation.

Ribbons

Riksgäldskontoret/National Debt Office

Barry Riley

Roach, Stephen
Rogoff, Kenneth

Mauricio Rojas

Rome, Habsburg and the European Union

Göran Rosenberg

Bo Rothstein

Roubini, Nouriel
- The increase in money supply following QE has not led to credit creation to finance private consumption or investment.October 2013

- Let me explain now in more detail why we are now back to the risk of
a total systemic financial meltdown, 29 September 2008

Now, five years later, signs of frothiness, if not outright bubbles, are reappearing in Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, Finland, France, Germany, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and, back for an encore, the UK (well, London).
Nouriel Roubini, november 2013

Rudebeck, Lars


Rummel, Rudy

Run on banks
- the mother of all bank runs, Roubini
- over-reliance on wholesale borrowing
See also Lender of last resort

- Göran Persson om HSB-krisen
Liquidity Crisis Gerhard Illing, University of Munich, September 21st 2007

The payment system The central bank, as lender of last resort, is the ultimate guarantor of this collective good.

Riksbankens roll som lender av last resort

Bengt Rydén tidigare SNS-chef
Rydenfelt, Sven
Ryttar, Bengt-Ola
Räntans betydelse, SvD om
Räntearbitrage
Räntegapet
- se även Ingves


S

SPP-chefen Sarah McPhee

Sachs, Jeffrey

Sahlén, Anders

Sahlin, Mona
- Bild Mona och Bildt

Salomon, Kim

Samuelson, Robert J.
- The great lesson of the past year is how little we understand

Sandberg, Nils-Eric
NES hos Kristianstadsbladet
- Efter realräntechocken 1992 föll bostadsbyggandet, mätt i antalet bostäder, med 82 procent.
- Nils-Eric Sandberg (red.)Vad kan vi lära av kraschen? Bank- och fastighetskrisen 1990-1993 SNS 2005
- Det är ju märkligt att människor inte tänker på vad som hände 1907, sa Rydenfelt. Nils-Eric Sandberg

Nils-Eric Sandberg
Sandberg, Nils-Eric (om 90-talskrisen)


Saudi Arabia

Jacques Santer, President of the European Commission

Savings and Loans Bailout

SBAB slopar topplånet

Schiff, Peter

Wolfgang Schäuble
- today’s EU treaties provide adequate foundation for the new supervisor and for a single resolution mechanism,
hey do not suffice to anchor beyond doubt a new and strong central resolution authority. FT May 2013

Schlaug, Birger

Ardalan Shekarabi

Gary Schilling

Lissabon och EU-parlamentets växande makt

Martin Schulz

Schück, Johan
Schück, Johan, om OECD och den svenska eftersläpningen

Secular stagnation

Secular stagnation has moved here

Seagull, Jonathan Livingston

S-E-Banken

Secret

Sedelpress

Shanghai

The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914
by Christopher Clark

Genombrott för solenergin?
Global solar dominance in sight as science trumps fossil fuels
Rolf Englund blog 2014-04-10

Sims, Christopher

South Sea Bubble
- Bitcoin, the South Sea Bubble, and Chartalism, Brad DeLong December 5, 2013
- The Economist 1999
- Edward Chancellor, author of "Devil Take the Hindmost: A History of Financial Speculation", 1999
- John Plender, Financial Times November 1 2004
Modern finance theory denies the existence of bubbles on the ground that markets are efficient.
Interesting, then, to read a new book* by Richard Dale of Southampton University on the South Sea Bubble that turns up new evidence showing there were established valuation techniques at the time and that aberrant investors genuinely lost touch with fundamentals. I found him pretty convincing.
The First Crash: Lessons From The South Sea Bubble

Stall Speed - Secular Stagnation

Sedelpress
Altman


englundmacro/label/sedelpress

Stresstest

Seeman

The shadow banking system

Robert J. Schller

In 1948, Paul A. Samuelson’s “factor-price equalization theorem” lucidly showed that under conditions of unlimited free trade without transportation costs (and with other idealized assumptions),
market forces would equalize the prices of all factors of production, including the wage rate for any standardized kind of labor, around the world.

In a perfect world, people don’t have to move to another country to get a higher wage.
Ultimately, they need only be able to participate in producing output that is sold internationally.

Robert J. Shiller, a 2013 Nobel laureate in economics, Project Syndicate 19 September 2016


Shiller, Robert J.

Robert Shiller may or may not have deserved a Nobel Prize for his academic work on behavioral economics
but as a practical guide to investing, his approach has been thoroughly refuted by real-world experience.
Anatole Kaletsky, Reuters, 25 July 2014

– I am one of the winners of this year’s Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences,
which makes me acutely aware of criticism of the prize by those who claim that economics
– unlike chemistry, physics, or medicine, for which Nobel Prizes are also awarded –
is not a science. Are they right?, Robert J. Shiller, November 2013

Robert Schiller Home Page

Robert Shiller has been out there talking about a stock-market bubble again.
December 2013

SIV = structured investment vehicle

Siegbahn, Bo

Sieps

Hans-Werner Sinn

Skriande

Jag tycker det är skriande uppenbart att räntan världen över är för låg
och att en större del av stimulanserna borde ske via finanspolitiken.
Rolf Englund 2009-12-05

Skuldkrisen på 80-talet
- Skuldkrisens födelsedag 1982

Sleepwalkers (1914)

Släpar Sverige efter?

Smith, David (EMU)

Sophie's Choice, Bernanke’s

SNS - Konjunkturrådets rapport 1996 (EMU)
SNS 1994 om Fastighetskrisen
"SNS-gänget"

Soft landing


Georg Soros

- Soros versus Sinn: May 2013 - Soros, George
- The Crisis of Global Capitalism: Open Society Endangered


Spanien



Sparbankerna, Första Swedbank

Stabilitetspakten

Stabiliseringspolitik

Stagflation

Stall Speed - Secular Stagnation

Steget, Palme om löntagarfonderna som Det Tredje Steget
Mats Johansson om detta

Stein, Herbert
- If something can´t go on for ever it will stop

- Unbalanced and unsustainable – if something cannot go on forever, then it will stop, Jeremy Warner, 2013

Stiftelsen mot Nordbanken

Stiglitz, Joseph

Stockman, David

Strauss-Kahn, Dominique

Streets...the future of the European economy and its single currency is more likely to be decided on the streets

Stress test
- Draghi Irland Moodys mars 2014
- BBC's business editor Robert Peston, 16 July 2010
- Wolfgang Münchau, FT, June 27 2010

Sträng, Gunnar, om budgetunderskottet

Ström, Pernilla

Strömmer, Gunnar

Sturgeon's Law - "ninety percent of everything is crap."

Lawrence H. Summers

Sundström, Åke
Åke Sundström om Bilaga 5, 2001

Jacob Sundberg - Institutet för Offentlig och Internationell rätt (IOIR

- International Commission of Inquiry Into the 1932–33 Famine in Ukraine, Jacob Sundberg

EU, Ryssland och IMF bailar ut Ukrainas fordringsägare?
Rolf Englund blog 2014-02-24

Gunnar Hökmark, förstanamn på moderaternas valsedel i EU-parlamentsvalet, underblåser konflikten i Ukraina, Rolf Englund blog 2014-02-26

Supply-side economics


Swedbank

Bob Swarup
Money Mania: Booms, Panics and Busts from Ancient Greece to the Great Meltdown by Bob Swarup. Bloomsbury Press
Review by John Authers, FT 27 April 2014

Swedish Midsummer for Dummies

Svegfors
- Svegfors: "Det är strukturellt"
- Svegfors om EMU
- Svekfors

Olle Svenning

Svensson, Lars E O Svensson

Svensk Handel

Svensk Linje

Svensson, Lars, rådgivare åt Bengt Dennis

Sverenius, Torsten

Bo Södersten

Söderström, Hans T:son (EMU)


T

Taggtrådsutrullning, Palme och Englund om, betr Löntagarfonderna

Tale risk

Taleb, Nassim Nicholas

The Taylor Rule

Tanzania

Tegnér, Esaias: Det Eviga

Titanic

Gillian Tett
- Are the markets going mad? May 2013

Tjetjenien

Too Big To Fail

Transmission Mechanism
- Vitor Constancio, slides

Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson

Adair Turner


Treaty Change

Ms Merkel called for a “real economic union” in Europe through treaty change
saying that the current level of economic co-ordination in the eurozone is unsatisfactory.
The eurozone is currently in a state of “deceptive calm” in which the crisis is “under control, at best,” she said
Financial Times, 14 January 2014

Merkel: If you want more Europe, be prepared for EU treaty change
OpenEurope, December 18, 2013

- Schäuble EU bank rescue agency needs treaty changes, 2013

- today’s EU treaties provide adequate foundation for the new supervisor and for a single resolution mechanism,
they do not suffice to anchor beyond doubt a new and strong central resolution authority. FT May 2013

- assuming that Europe’s debtors and creditors can agree, any revision could invite disaster.
Eurosceptic parties of many stripes are on the rise in both north and south. Charlemagne, The Economist April 2013




Trichet, Jean-Claude

- Timbro

Tobisson, Lars F

Too Big To Fail, Villaägarna och bostadsrättsinnehavarna
Rolf Englund augusti 2013

Trade deficit, USA

Trade surplus, Sweden

Göran Thunhammar

Trump, Donald

Turing, Alan, the father of modern computer science and breaker of the Nazis’ Enigma code,
is being pardoned on Tuesday for his conviction for homosexuality, 2013

Turkiet

Tyskland - D-Mark


U

Ubiquity
UBS - Union Bank of Switzerland

Nigel Farage UKIP
När Nigel Farage och jag år 2002 talade i Westminster Abbeys kyrksal

UK/Storbritannien och EMU

Ukraina
Ukraina 2014


- International Commission of Inquiry Into the 1932–33 Famine in Ukraine, Jacob Sundberg

Ullman, Harald
Unckel, Per
- Konstitutionsutskottet om Per Unckel

Unemployment
Understand, why people don´t

Ungern, Camus om

Utopism

Utvidgning, EUs

USA, Trade deficit

Utlandslån, Sverige


V

Valutaregleringen, avvecklingen av

Varoufakis

Vasa Gustav, Rolf Englund i tal om Unionen, moderaterna och den europeiska utopismen
Vaubel, Roland
Vatican (The Pope)

Vichy and all that

Villaägarna och bostadsrättsinnehavarna Too Big To Fail?
Rolf Englund augusti 2013

Vietnamkriget

Voluntary?
Can bondholders demand full repayment of what they lent to a country even when others have settled for a haircut?


de Vylder, Stefan

Volcker, Paul
- Kaletsky 4.0, Mexiko 1982


Välfärdsligan


W

Nordea hamnade i blåsväder efter SvD:s avslöjande om att banken köpt en lägenhet för 22,5 miljoner kronor för vd:ns räkning, samma höst som man sa upp tusentals anställda.

Björn Wahlroos:
”Människor behöver faktiskt bo.
250 kvadratmeter låter kanske mycket för en redaktör, men Christian leder faktiskt Europas femte största bank”.
Carolina Neurath SvD Näringsliv 19 maj 2013

Full text

Waldenström, Erland

Jan Wallander
Olof G. Hedengren: Jan Wallander, styrelseordförande i Handelsbanken och den mest ondskefulle person jag någonsin mött i affärslivet.

Walk away - "jingle mail" post the keys to the lender and walk away

Walkaway /from the house and the mortgage


David Wessell

David Wessels bok om finanskrisen 'In Fed we Trust'
I december firade Federal Reserve 100 år.
I december var det också fem år sedan styrräntan sänktes mot noll.
Louise Andrén Meiton, SvD 28 mars 2014

The current-account deficit, now more than $1.8 billion a day,
or $2,250 per man, woman and child per year

Europeans and Asians tell us that the global economy would be safer if we saved more and imported less.
The U.S. replies that the economy would be safer if Europeans and Asians saved less and imported more
David Wessell Wall Street Journal 12/5 2005


Hjelm-Wallén, Lena

Wallenberg, Marcus

Wallenberg har ansvar för Stora Ensos fallerade affärer

Wallström, Margot


Warner, Jeremy
- Unbalanced and unsustainable – if something cannot go on forever, then it will stop, Jeremy Warner, 2013

- Internal devaluationMay 2013
- They simply cannot bring themselves to admit that their lifetime’s work has failed. April 2013

Water shortage

Weil, Robert

Werner-planen
- Feldt om, 1971
- Englund m fl om, 1971


Westerberg, Bengt
- HQ Bank
Bengt Westerberg som spionutredare åt HSB
"Bengt Westerberg ställer upp för regeringen som nyttig idiot"
Kritiska professorer tystas av politiska skäl, Bo Rothstein. Klicka här

Carl-Johan Westholm
Westholm, Carl-Johan 1994

White Swan

Bill White world’s central banks were making a mistake with their single-minded focus on monetary policy


Wibble, Anne
- reservation i Valutakommittén 1985

Wiborg, Ragnhild

Wiklund, Mats

Knut Wicksell

Withdrawal

Stephen Williamson
Augusti 2015

Wolf, Martin

Wohlin, Lars

Wolodarski, Peter

Wästberg, OlleWibble


X


Y

Yield Curve

Yellen

Yen


Z

ZIRP

Zentay, Charles
Zern, Leif
Zetterberg, Hans
Zimbabwe
- Carl Tham om
- Lena Hjelm-Wallén om


Å

Åberg, Carl Johan

Bromma/Ålsten
Åsbrink, Erik

Åslund, Anders, om Asiens bank- och finansris
Åslund, Anders

Paul Krugman's Blind Spot
Sorry, but the New York Times' star columnist just doesn’t understand Europe.
Anders Åslund, Foreign Policy 8 November 2013

Aslund praises Reinhart and Rogoff for providing an important corrective to the view that fiscal stimulus is always right – a position that is common across the Anglo-American economic commentariat, led by Paul Krugman in the New York Times.
This is a curious thing for him to say, because it’s an outright lie
I can’t believe that Aslund doesn’t know this; why, then, would he discredit himself by repeating an easily refuted falsehood?
Paul Krugman, New York Times, 22 April 2013

Åstorp


Ä

Ö

Öresundsbron
Österåker

Österrikaska banker
Österrikiska skolan
Överskottsmålet

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